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Tuesday, March 06, 2018

What does reduced ejection fraction in elete athletes mean?

Some NBA  and  professional European cyclists (1) have been shown to have reduced cardiac ejection fractions (EF) and some NFL players(2 )have EFs in the lower range of normal. In regard to the cyclists this observation has , at least in one review, been used to bolster the argument that "too much exercise" is harmful , i.e. support for the  "U-Shaped" curve theory."Too much " exercise certainty can be harmful  (maybe that is what "too much" means) but reduced resting EF in elite . athletes is not proof of that contention.

The wisdom of the body may dictate that maintenance  of stroke volume a priority and not EF. These athlete have large preloads ( aka end diastolic volumes) so that a smaller percentage can be ejected to maintain the resting stroke volume. These basket ball players had a normal increase in stroke volume  and EF with exercise as did the NFL players.I believe the exercise EF was not measured in the cyclists.

1.Abergel, E. Serial left ventricular adaptations in world -class professional cyclists.J AM Coll Cardiology July 2004.
2. Abernethy,WB Echocardiographic characteristics of professional football players.JACC Jan 2003 p 280
3)Engel,D Athletic cardiac remodeling in U.S. professional basket ball players. JAMA Cardiol 2016, (1) 80-87 

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